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What is Hydroxychloroquine?

Hydroxychloroquine is an anti-malaria agent; it got approved for medical use in the United States (U.S) in 1995. Hydroxychloroquine secured its position in the list of essential medicines prepared by the World Health Organization (WHO). Hydroxychloroquine belongs to the 4-aminoquinoline families of medication. Hydroxychloroquine is commonly available under the brand name called as Plaquenil. You can get Hydroxychloroquine only with a proper prescription from the doctor, and you can take it orally.

What are the uses of Hydroxychloroquine?

Doctors should prescribe Hydroxychloroquine to treat the following medical condition:

  • Malaria (both treating and preventing)
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Lupus erythematosus
  • porphyria cutanea tarda
  • Any other conditions as determined by them.

Initially, Order Hydroxychloroquine is an effective medication in treating coronavirus disease (COVID-19), but in some clinical trials, doctors found the medicine ineffective and causing life-threatening side effects to the infected person.

How does Hydroxychloroquine work?

Hydroxychloroquine treats malaria by killing malaria-causing parasites present in the body. However, it’s working to treat conditions such as lupus erythematosus, or rheumatoid arthritis is unclear and still, a question to be answered.

What precautions to take while using Hydroxychloroquine?

Please do take care of the following precautions while taking Hydroxychloroquine:

  • Take medicine exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Please don’t take it more often than prescribed.
  • Do avoid medicinal errors and try to be consistent throughout the treatment.
  • You should not take the said medicine if you are allergic to it or its components or similar medications.
  • To ensure that taking Hydroxychloroquine is safe for you or will work well enough for you, you should tell your doctor if you have or ever had the following health-related issues:
    • Damage to the retina of your eyes after using any anti-malaria medication.
    • Heart disease
    • Heart rhythm disorder (long QT syndrome)
    • Diabetes
    • Stomach disorder
    • Allergy with Quinine
    • Liver disease
    • Kidney infection
    • Genetic enzyme deficiency called glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency
    • Psoriasis
    • Addiction to alcohol
    • Genetic enzyme disorder causing damage to your skin and nervous system such as porphyria
  • Lactating mothers and expecting Women should not use Hydroxychloroquine without consulting their doctor to avoid harmful effects of the medicine on their child.
  • Make frequent visits to your doctor to avoid unpleasant and unwanted side effects of the medicine.
  • You may need frequent medical tests and vision examinations to determine whether medicine is working well enough for you.
  • Using Hydroxychloroquine is only a part of the treatment; you should follow your doctor’s advice carefully to make medicine more effective.
  • Don’t stop taking medicine out of sudden; you may experience withdrawal symptoms.
  • Using Hydroxychloroquine may affect some of your medical tests; tell your pathologist that you are on this medication in advance.
  • You can consult your doctor to learn more about the risks and benefits associated with Hydroxychloroquine.
  • After using Hydroxychloroquine can impair your thinking and reactions. Avoid getting involved in activities that require attention and alertness.
  • Maintain a gap of four hours before and after taking any antacids while using this medication.
  • If you ever experience uneasiness or overdose symptoms after using Hydroxychloroquine, you should immediately consult your doctor and ask for medical help.
  • You can also avail of emergency medical assistance by calling the poison helpline at 1-800-222-1222.
  • Please do not ignore Hydroxychloroquine overdose symptoms; it can result in fatal situations. The following are some Hydroxychloroquine overdose symptoms that one can experience:
    • Drowsiness or dizziness
    • Vision changes
    • Seizures
    • Slow heart rate
    • Weak pulse rate
    • pounding heartbeats
    • Fainting
    • Shortness of breath or breathlessness
    • Slow breathing
  • Do inform your doctor about all the medications that you are taking (including over the counter)
  • Please keep the medicine out of the reach of children.
  • Store Hydroxychloroquine at room temperature away from heat and light.
  • After completion of treatment, talk to your doctor or pharmacist near you regarding medicine’s proper disposal.
  • Avoid taking herbal products, nutritional supplements, and other over the counter medication while using Hydroxychloroquine.

What are Hydroxychloroquine’s side effects?

Some of the common side effects symptoms of using Hydroxychlorquine includes the following:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Pain in the stomach
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unusual weight loss
  • Nervousness
  • Irritation
  • Skin rashes
  • Itching
  • Hair loss

It is evident to experience mild side effects after using Hydroxychloroquine. Still, you should consult your doctor ASAP if these symptoms are unbearable or bother you so much. You should not take Hydroxychloroquine anymore and talk to your doctor if you experience the following health issue:

  • Seizures
  • Yellowness in the eyes
  • Ringing in the year
  • Deafness
  • Unusual mood swings
  • Weakness in the muscles
  • Loss of coordination
  • Under reactive reflexes
  • Blurred vision
  • Concentration problem
  • Distorted vision
  • Blind spots
  • Colorblindness
  • Hazy or cloudy vision
  • Seeing streaks, light flashes, and halos around the light
  • Increased sensitivity to light
  • Low blood cell count symptoms include fever, chills, tiredness, sore throat, mouth sores, easy bruising, unusual bleeding, pale or yellow skin, cold hands and feet, and lightheadedness.
  • Low blood sugar in the body results in headaches, appetite changes, sweating, irritation, dizziness, fast heart rate, anxiety, and shivering.
  • Severe drug reaction to the medicine

You should also report to your doctor if you experience any new symptoms after using this medication or your symptoms are getting even more worst.

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